Housing dairy cattle is a vast topic with a huge amount of research having being done in the last few years.
Every type and size of system will have its own challenges it is important to build housing to be farm specific and look for practical solutions to risk factors identified.
Corner stones of good housing are: adequate stocking density, comfort including bedding and cubicle design, walking surfaces and adequate feeding and loafing space available.
Below are several links to comprehensive housing guides:
Assessing cow comfort
Cow outcomes are essential to assess if cows are comfortable in their housing.
Examples of cow measurable outcomes include:
- Hock lesions
- Cleanliness of cows
- Lesion scoring
- Stall standing index
- Lameness issues with a large number of bruising or sole ulcers